Mushroom Growing Guide

Mushroom Growing Guide

The Many Different Types of Mushrooms

The Many Different Types of Mushrooms

Mushrooms are an interesting species. As a matter of fact, they belong to a special kingdom of organisms that comprise of a staggering 70,000 different species. They are, therefore, one of the most familiar types of species. They have several uses, especially as a source of food, and have also been known to cause poisoning on a massive scale during the early, pre-historic days.

Not all mushrooms are created equally; some are actually poisonous, while some are popularly added as an ingredient in different kinds of dishes. This is the beauty of mushrooms.

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Listed below are the different types of mushrooms, and a little bit more information about them.

Edible

The first major classification used in mushrooms is whether or not it is edible. For the edible variety, a lot of these grow in the wild, while others are raised and cultivated in farms as well.

As a matter of fact, edible mushrooms are called the “Meat” in the world of vegetables, given that this is also treated as a substitute to using real meat in a lot of instances.

Wild mushrooms are a rarity in markets, as a lot of those which are sold in markets and food shops are raised in mushroom farms. Of all the types, the Agaricus bisporus is one which is considered the safest to eat, as the environment in which it is grown is sterilized, and therefore its growing conditions are well controlled.

For this particular classification, there are so many varieties which are commercially grown, such as Portobello, white, and crimini. Other edible types include enoki, Pleurotus, maitake, and the H. erinaceus mushroom.

Most of the Agaricus bisporus species are white in color, while some of these mushrooms take on a relatively darker hue. Nevertheless, they still are easy to distinguish from one another.

All these different types of mushrooms could be easily identified. More recently, interest has been grown in developing countries, thus increasing the number of small farmers dedicated to mushrooms.

In terms of production of the different types of mushrooms, China leads the pack with a massive 2.7  kg of mushrooms per person per year. Poland, on the other hand, is the leading exporter of different types of mushrooms, with them exporting close to 200,000 tonnes on an annual basis.

Ganoderma lucidum is one mushroom which is not consumed for its taste, but rather for its health effects. This is one of the most popular mushrooms employed for this purpose, as Ganoderma is a common additive in coffee, or taken as a food supplement, as it is said to promote good health.

The mushrooms that are farmed are obviously the edible ones, on a large scale, that is. If you would want to know more about the different things you have to keep in mind when it comes to raising mushrooms, then visit Mushroomgrowing4you.com.

It contains a variety of PDF files and videos which aim to give you a more in-depth look as to how you’re able to raise mushrooms either for personal consumption or even for large-scale business. Never has any guide been comprehensive as the one offered by mushroomgrowing4you!

Moreover, they promote safe means of propagating these mushrooms, thus you can be assured of a long-term commercial success as well.

Non-Edible

Back in the day, a lot of our ancestors have either died or simply experienced severe discomfort after consuming certain types of mushroom. Not knowing the different kinds of mushroom is extremely dangerous, as some mushrooms are known to induce several negative effects on one’s body.

The most common manifestations of having consumed poisonous mushrooms include nausea, gastrointestinal discomfort, and in severe cases, even death. There are also several folkloric ways of determining the different types of mushrooms that are poisonous, but most of these have been repeatedly discouraged by experts.

Common beliefs, such as poisonous mushrooms turn rice red, are avoided by insects, are brightly colored, taste bad, or have a pointed cap are all proven to be erroneous, and there is no way to determine immediately through merely looking at these mushrooms as to whether they are actually poisonous or not.

Species of toxic, non-edible mushrooms one has to avoid include the fly agaric, Galerina, destroying angel, Amanitas, Russula, Death Cap, and Boletes. These are just some of the mushrooms that have been involved in poisoning incidents throughout the years, and ’it’s definitely not the full list of poisonous mushrooms you have to avoid consuming at all costs.

The Amanitas are mushrooms that are the cause of a large number of fatal mushroom cases worldwide.

What’s even scarier is that some of these toxic mushrooms look just like other non-toxic varieties. Having said that, a close investigation and thorough knowledge are important before consuming mushrooms.

Some mushrooms also become toxic due to the surroundings they are in, such as those mushrooms found in Chernobyl, or in places of high radioactive activity.

Some of the mushrooms are non-edible as well because of their impact on one’s mental health, as they are Psychedelic. The Psilocybin mushrooms are known as “magic mushrooms” which induce mystical experiences and hallucinations of different sorts. Their sale has been banned in a number of countries.

Conclusion

In raising mushrooms, it is important to know the different kinds of mushroom in order for you to cater to more people and expand your potential reach. More importantly, you have to know the edible and the inedible species to prevent troubles of any sort in the future.

Our Top Pick For Growing Mushrooms

For food or entertainment, grow the best mushrooms you can!

Learn More

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