Mushroom Growing Guide

Mushroom Growing Guide

Mushroom Growing Setup: What you Usually Find

Mushroom Growing Setup: What you Usually Find

While it is increasingly becoming more common, there actually are a lot of things you have to keep in mind when it comes to taking care of mushrooms. As with all other plants, it’s critical to make sure you have set up the perfect growing condition.

Mushrooms are not ordinary plants; they are part of the different kingdom in the classification of organisms. This simply implies that the setup and the environment in which it grows are different. Despite this, though, the mushroom growing setup is not complicated in its entirety.

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If you’re curious as to the things or conditions that are found in mushroom growing setup and why these components are there, or are interested in making one for your home, then you might as well read on.

Mushroom Spawn

This is the means through which mushrooms grow, given that they belong to the Kingdom Fungi. Instead of merely planting seeds on the ground, spawns, or root-like versions of these mushrooms are utilized. They are usually found lying in either grain, agar, or sawdust, but the spawns could be bought alone as part of growing kits.

There are several varieties of spawns which you can choose from, such as oyster mushrooms, which is best for beginners of the mushroom growing setup. Oyster mushrooms, especially the pink and the blue grey type, are some of the fastest to grow as well.

Once you get the hang of things on a smaller scale, you can venture out into purchasing or acquiring spawns of other mushrooms!

Pasteurized Substrate

This is an indispensable part of the mushroom growing setup, given that it is where these mushrooms acquire the necessary nutrients, and is the environment in which they grow. For beginners, you wouldn’t really have to get much.

You can create your own growing environment for these mushrooms with materials you could find in the comfort of your own home. For mushroom spawns found in sawdust, it’s best to make a substrate out of cardboard.

In using cardboard, all that has to be done is to cut up the cardboard into small, identical squares, flattening them, pouring boiling water on it, and after 8 hours, using clean hands, squeezing out as much of the water as you possibly can.

Another option for you would be to use straw, and this is ideal for spawns which are raised in grain. The procedure in doing so is actually quite similar to cardboard, as you simply have to tie them in a laundry bag, soak in water for an hour, at a temperature between 70–75ºC, and then let it cool own.

Once this is done, inoculation (the process of adding the substrate to the spawn) could now occur. Remember that the mixture need not be exact, but a higher number of spawn is believed to be better for the colony, as it helps prevent contamination.

Grow Bag

There are some do-it-yourself mushroom growing setups which do not require you to do all the work involved in making a pasteurized substrate. These grow bags are simply injected with the spawn with a sterile syringe, and the growing process could then already ensue. These bags are typically made of a strong type of plastic, one which is strong enough to hold both the spawn and substrate.

Steady and Stable Temperatures           

Mushrooms are delicate beings. If you want a proper means of allowing mushroom to grow, what you have to do is to simply reduce the temperature to an ideal level, which is from 16 to 24 ºC. The temperature is crucial, as a minor fluctuation could be the cause of contamination, thus decreasing the quantity of mushrooms you could harvest from your workplace.

One of the things which steadily influence the growth of mushrooms and the surrounding temperature could be the amount of sunlight which passes through. To help with this, one of the best things you could possibly do is to raise the mushrooms in an enclosed space, far from any form of direct sunlight.

Unlike regular green plants, mushrooms don’t rely on photosynthesis in order for them to make their own food and grow. Despite that though, a certain amount of sunlight, or any source of light is still necessary for the mushrooms to grow.

Fruiting Area

Once you have already placed the spawns inside the growing bag or other necessary material, the next step for you would be to transfer these to a fruiting area. These fruiting areas are places which are conducive to the “fruiting” or production of mushrooms.

This area has to have indirect sunlight, or at least some source of artificial daylight, such as a bulb which emits white light. Fruiting areas also need to have a constant supply of fresh air, and have a high level of humidity, and lowered temperatures, now within the 13-16 ºC range. All of these factors are crucial when for the mushrooms to have high yields.

Conclusion

As with all other plants, mushrooms are organisms that require your care and attention in order for them to grow. What’s great about this setup is that it is not as expensive as other setups and does not require you a large land area as well, especially if you are just starting.

If you would want to have a better knowledge on mushroom growing, then you are highly encouraged to visit mushroomgrowing4you.com, which is a set of PDFs and videos which shed light on the basics of raising mushrooms, and other plants as well.

Our Top Pick For Growing Mushrooms

For food or entertainment, grow the best mushrooms you can!

Learn More

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