Mushrooms, as fungi, require moist environments. Before growing any particular mushroom, you should check their moisture requirements to offer sufficient growing conditions.
For example, if you want to grow button mushrooms, you have to produce a wet media such as manure or compost. Shiitake mushrooms, on the other hand, are grown on logs. For these, you should maintain 35 – 45 percent moisture level and the logs should have a wet inner surface and dry bark.
Sometimes, fans and heaters are required to control the environment when growing mushrooms so you should carefully check the temperature requirement for each type of mushroom to increase your chances of having successful growth.
Common mushrooms like button mushrooms require almost 55 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit for proper growth. Any strong draft or dry air can kill these mushrooms and hinder their growth. For shiitake mushrooms, the ideal temperature may vary between 72 and 78 degrees Fahrenheit but they can also grow in temperature between 40 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Some mushroom species will not require a warm temperature during daytime as compared to night such as oyster which thrive at 50 to 60 Fahrenheit temperatures. You can also grow some mushrooms in colder temperatures and control temperature in both the day and at night.
Mushrooms often synthesize their required nutrients, such as lignin, sugar, fats, starch, nitrogen, and protein, from organic material. Compost made of straw and manure contains a good mix of nutrients required for the growth of mushrooms. Shiitake mushrooms can actually extract needed nutrients from wood logs or sawdust. A mixture of peat moss, corn, and sand is also a good alternative to straw or manure.
Mushroom grow light
Unlike most plants, it’s hard for mushrooms to extract nutrients from the sun. It is not necessary to provide a dark environment to mushrooms, but it is beneficial because mushrooms can preserve moisture in darkness.
A basement offers ideal conditions for your mushrooms for growth but if growing shiitake mushrooms they should be kept in the sunlight on their logs. Some species of mushrooms, such as Agaricus, require no light; these are good for hobbyists to grow.
Psilocybe, Shiitake, and Lion’s Mane are some species of mushrooms that need 5000 – 7000 Kelvin color temperature lighting. This type of grow light is readily available in local stores. Kelvin lights offer high color temperature while offering lower actual temperatures. You can also choose fluorescent lamps to provide light and heat to particular species.
Before growing mushrooms at home, you should test the selected location to be sure the appropriate conditions can be met.
For more tips and tricks, check out mushroomgrowing4you.com.
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