Growing mushrooms can be a complicated process as mushrooms require a different environment compared to other plants in order for them to grow. However there are several options for growing mushrooms indoors, and on your own, rather easily.
Basic growing means
To begin, select the type of mushroom you will grow. While it may depend on your personal preference, the most common species for beginners are Shiitake, oyster, and white button mushrooms, as they are the simplest to raise and are also used extensively in an assortment of dishes. All of these are also good options, as they are versatile enough to grow on either straw or sawdust, depending on what you have available.
Once you have decided, you will need to purchase the spawn for the mushroom of your choice, which could be found either online or in stores dedicated to farming materials. Spawns are a much better alternative to spores, and for beginners, it is one of the easiest ways to grow mushrooms.
After obtaining the spawn, the next step is to sterilize the straw or sawdust you are going to use. This can be done in the microwave, where the sawdust is immersed in boiling water for some time, enough to kill microorganisms that may hamper the growth of the mushrooms, as these microorganisms may compete with the mushrooms for nutrition.
Once the spawns have already been settled, transfer them to a cool, dark environment for about one month. This will allow the spawns to permeate and get settled.
Once this is done, you may want to sprinkle your mushrooms with some soil and take certain steps to prevent loss of moisture.
Following these steps for growing mushrooms indoors, you should start to see some growth in about 3 weeks.
Growing mushrooms on a log
This method of growing mushrooms does not come as a surprise, given that mushrooms of certain varieties often surface on logs naturally. Many widely-consumed mushrooms that are raised on logs include Lion’s Mane, Maitake, and Oyster variety. Should you decide to move forward growing mushrooms this way, the logs should come from poplar, oak, elm, or maple trees, which are non-aromatic and made of hardwood.
Once you have selected the tree you would like to use, you will need to cut the log to be 3 or 4 feet in length and let it sit for at least two weeks. Following the setting period, drill holes which are 2 inches deep, with a 4 inch interval between the holes. These holes will be used to hold the spawn.
While this may be slightly more difficult to do, it is a sustainable means of growing mushrooms, as your mushrooms could spring back on a yearly basis.
Growing mushrooms on coffee grinds
Surprisingly, coffee grounds are one of the easiest ways to grow mushrooms as coffee grounds are damp, cold, and packed with essential nutrients Moreover, if you leave coffee grinds without washing them, fungi, in the form of mold would begin to grow.
For around 500 grams mushroom spawn, you can use 2.5 kilograms of fresh coffee grounds. To use coffee grounds, you simply need a grow bag where you’ll put the coffee grinds that have been inoculated. Once the grounds have turned white, they can be transferred to brighter areas. Should the grounds stop producing mushrooms, they could then be used for compost.
Raise mushrooms using a kit
For those who are just beginning, there are do-it-yourself kits made for raising mushrooms. What’s great about these is that they are often guided, and therefore would prevent you from making mistakes.
These growing kits usually comprise of a spawn of crimini, white button, oyster, or portobello mushrooms and bags that are filled with sterilized soil or straw. Some kits also have inoculated soil or straw.
You only have to place these kits where the temperature is ideal for growth. These then just have to be sprayed with some mist, and be put away from direct sunlight. You may then begin to start harvesting up in three months’ worth of time.
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