Mushroom Growing Guide

Mushroom Growing Guide

Common Mushroom Varieties and their Benefits

Common Mushroom Varieties and their Benefits

Mushrooms are staples in the diet of various people. There is a broad range of edible fungi at grocery stores. You can use these edible mushroom varieties in cooking soups, stews, and various other food items. You have to be careful while selecting edible varieties of mushrooms because there are lots of poisonous varieties.

Some poisonous mushrooms look similar to edible mushrooms. One should identify these mushrooms before eating them. There are a few famous edible varieties for your convenience:

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Cremini

Creminis have an earthy taste, a light brown color, and a delicate texture. These are more expensive than ordinary button mushrooms, but these are full of flavor. You can sauté them quickly because of their moisture content.

Cook them with herbs and butter before mixing in soup to boost their flavor. Often referred to as baby portobellos, you can cook their stems as well. Their stems make good fillings for omelets.

Oyster

The delicate and briny flavor of oyster mushrooms makes them perfect to cook with butter or olive oil. These have a pale ivory color, but sometimes you can get lavender, blue, pink, or yellow oyster mushrooms. These are moist and tender for cooking and offer delicious flavors in salads. These should be used immediately because these can deteriorate quickly.

Portobello

Portobellos are big in size and offer meaty flavor. You can marinate them in balsamic vinegar and olive oil. You can use a charcoal grill to cook them, and their enormous caps are used as a fantastic hamburger substitute. It can blacken a sauce, so make sure you scrape out its gills properly before cooking.

Enoki

The crunchy texture of these mushrooms makes them unique to use in salads and sandwiches. They look long and delicate, making for an excellent garnish. If you want to add them into a stir-fry, you should add them in last minute.

Trim 1 inch stems from their bottom before use and use the remaining mushroom. Unlike other mushrooms, you can wash them in a colander and dry in any salad spinner. These are famous in Asian cooking, and you can refrigerate them in a paper bag for around a week.

Shiitake

You can use shiitake mushrooms either dried or fresh to get the advantage of their smoky taste. Caps may range from brown to black. These have a strong flavor, and you can cook them with garlic and ginger in stir-fry dishes.

It is impossible to overcook them because the stems are sturdy. You can flavor your sauces and stocks with mushroom stems. Discard these stems after cooking the mushrooms.

Porcino

Crepes or porcini have a woodsy taste, and these are valuable to use in French and Italian cooking. You can flavor your risotto, lasagna, and pasta sauce with porcini. Skewer them and brush with extra-virgin olive oil before grilling these mushrooms. These are available in late fall and summer, but you can easily buy them from Italian markets. A few mushrooms are enough to flavor your dish.

Morel

Maze-lie crevices and tall caps make these mushrooms prominent. These have a porous structure and a nutty flavor. The porous structure can absorb sauces to make your food full of flavor. You can add them to omelets, beef gravy, or steaks.

These are expensive mushrooms, but perfect to impress your special guests. You should be very careful to clean morels because they are found in the wilderness and can often harbor tiny, easily-overlooked insects. Gently shake them after brushing to dislodge lingering dirt.

Chanterelle

These are available in brown, white, orange, black, and yellow. Their fruity aroma and funnel caps make them unique for your soups and omelets. Their caps have wrinkles instead of regular gills on the bottom. You should wash them carefully before use. You can use these mushrooms in risottos, sauces, and salads. You should add them late during the cooking process to avoid hardening.

Agaricus (White Mushrooms)

These are the very common type of mushroom varieties and vary in size. These are often called button mushrooms at a young age and have a mild flavor. Mature mushrooms are known as jumbo, and you can use them for baking and stuffing.

These creamy white mushrooms have a delicate flavor and firm texture. These mushrooms are versatile, able to be eaten raw or cooked in soups and stews.

You can use these edible varieties in cooking because each mushroom has its own unique flavors. Carefully wash them before use to avoid any insects or toxic chemicals.

If you want to learn more about these mushrooms and methods to grow them, you can visit MushroomGrowing4You.com, making it easy to find and grow fresh and edible varieties for your family.

Our Top Pick For Growing Mushrooms

For food or entertainment, grow the best mushrooms you can!

Learn More

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